a A city in the hill country of Judah (Josh. 15:55). b A mountain, or range of hills, in Palestine, that was very fruitful and beautiful, whose soil was exceedingly rich. It was on Mount Carmel that Elijah called Israel together and destroyed the prophets of Baal (I Kings 18:19-42). In Song of Solomon 7:5 the head of the bride is likened to Carmel. In Isaiah 35:2 we read of the excellency of Carmel and Sharon.
Meta. A place in consciousness where we realize the fullness of our possibilities under the divine law (expanse of a generous nature, garden, fruitful place). It is the garden of God; Jesus called it "Paradise," freedom from sense.