a Son of Zebedee. This James was a disciple of Jesus Christ, and brother of John (Matt. 4:21). b James the son of Alphæus was also a disciple of Jesus; to distinguish him from the other James, he is called "James the less" (Matt. 10:3; Mark 15:40). c Mention is made of "James the Lord's brother" (Gal. 1:19). He was one of the apostles, and some think him to be the same person as James the Less.
Meta. James the son of Zebedee is that disciple of Jesus Christ who represents the faculty of judgment in individual consciousness. In the body this faculty has its central seat of activity in the lower part of the nerve center called the solar plexus. We also call this faculty justice, discrimination; it is that quality in us which carefully weighs a question and draws a conclusion. The prevailing tendency of judgment is toward caution, fearfulness, criticism, and condemnation, when it draws its conclusions from the effect side of existence. We should therefore faithfully affirm the spiritual aspect of this faculty and always seek the guidance and good judgment of spiritual light and understanding.